OSCE Mission to Moldova
Conflict prevention and resolution
The OSCE chairs the negotiation process for a final, comprehensive and durable settlement of the Transdniestrian conflict. Since 2005, this process is known as the “5+2” and includes the OSCE, Russia and Ukraine as mediators, and the European Union and the United States as observers. The Mission works with the two sides to build confidence between the people that live on both sides of the Dniester/Nistru river. The Mission also participates as an observer in the Joint Control Commission, which is the supervisory body for the Joint Peacekeeping Forces, composed of the delegations of the Russian Federation, Moldova and Transdniestria, with Ukraine as an additional observer.