Following an official invitation from the Permanent Mission of Spain to the OSCE and in accordance with its mandate, the OSCE/ODIHR deployed an election assessment mission (EAM) to observe the 20 November 2011 early parliamentary elections.
Following invitations from the 27 member states of the European Union (EU) to observe the 4-7 June elections to the European Parliament, ODIHR deployed an expert group to 15 EU member states from 11 to 30 May.
In response to an invitation from the Permanent Mission of Spain to the OSCE, ODIHR deployed an election assessment mission for the 9 March parliamentary elections.
ODIHR received an invitation from the Spanish delegation to the OSCE to observe the elections in Spain scheduled for 14 March. A six-person election assessment mission headed by Peter Eicher of the United States visited Spain from 7 to 17 March.