Following a invitation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs to observe the May 2012 parliamentary and early presidential elections and in accordance with its mandate, ODIHR deployed a Limited Election Observation Mission for these elections.
Following an invitation from the Speaker of the Parliament, ODIHR deployed a limited election observation mission on 3 April to observe the parliamentary elections on 11 May.
In response to an invitation to observe the 20 January presidential election in Serbia, ODIHR) deployed a limited election observation mission to Belgrade on 4 January. For the second round on 3 February, the mission was joined by a delegation ffrom the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe.
Following the recommendation of a needs assessment mission conducted in November 2006, ODIHR deployed a long-term election observation mission on 17 December 2006 consisting of 12 experts and 16 long-term observers based in the capital and eight regional centers. The mission was headed by Ambassador Geert-Hinrich Ahrens of Germany.
In response to an invitation from the Speaker of the Serbian National Assembly, the OSCE/ODIHR observed the 13 June 2004 presidential elections in Serbia (Serbia and Montenegro).
The OSCE/ODIHR long-term Election Observation Mission for the 28 December parliamentary elections was established for the period from 27 November 2003 to 3 January 2004 and consisted of 24 election experts based in Belgrade and five regional centres, including in Kosovo.
The 2003 presidential elections were observed by an International Election Observation Mission formed by the OSCE/ODIHR and the Congress of Local and Regional Authorities of Europe (CLRAE) of the Council of Europe. The OSCE/ODIHR long-term Election Observation Mission (EOM) was established for the period from 20 October to 22 November 2003.
The presidential elections were monitored by two International Election Observation Missions formed by OSCE/ODIHR and Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe (PACE). The OSCE/ODIHR long-term Election Observation Mission (EOM) for the September/October election was established for the period from 2 September to 18 October. The EOM for the December election ran from 11 November to 13 December.
The OSCE/ODIHR established an Election Observation Mission in the Republic of Serbia/Federal Republic of Yugoslavia on 8 July 2002 to observe the early municipal election scheduled for 28 July in three municipalities in South Serbia.
The OSCE/ODIHR established an Election Observation Mission in the Republic of Serbia (Federal Republic of Yugoslavia) on 28 November, ahead of the parliamentary elections on 23 December.
The Presidential Election from September 21 and October 5, 1997 could not be validated due to a less than a 50% voter turnout and was re-scheduled for December 7, 1997. In order to monitor the rerun, the OSCE / ODIHR deployed a Technical Assessment Team on November 15.
Upon receipt of an official invitation from Federal Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia, the OSCE/ODIHR deployed an Election Observation Mission to observe the 1997 parliamentary and presidential elections.