Combating human trafficking
As such, human trafficking affects virtually all OSCE participating States as countries of origin, transit or destination. This modern form of slavery is an affront to human dignity, often involving psychological terror and physical violence. The OSCE addresses many issues relevant to human trafficking: human rights and rule of law; corruption and crime control; discrimination and inequality; economic, labour, and migration policies.
In 2003, the Organization set up the Office and post of Special Representative and Co-ordinator for Combating Trafficking in Human Beings to help participating States develop and implement effective policies for combating human trafficking. The Office of the Special Representative promotes a victim-centred and human rights-based approach in protecting victims.
The OSCE Action Plan to Combat Trafficking in Human Beings provides the framework for OSCE activities in support of the anti-trafficking efforts of OSCE participating States. It contains core recommendations for action at the national level, known as the “3 Ps”:
- Prevention, including awareness-raising and addressing root causes;
- Prosecution, including investigation and co-operation with international law enforcement;
- Protection of victims’ rights, including assistance and compensation.
In 2013, the OSCE added a fourth “P” - a chapter on partnerships - highlighting the need for enhanced co-operation with international organizations and other partners, including on issues related to law enforcement, National Referral Mechanisms (NRMs) and joint work between public institutions and the private sector.
A number of OSCE field operations help strengthen the capacity of national and local authorities, as well as civil society organizations, in preventing and fighting human trafficking, strengthening prosecution and assisting victims. They run seminars and training courses for, among others, police, border-guards, judges, prosecutors, lawyers, social workers, religious leaders, the media; surveys and studies; and information campaigns for the public.