If our communication networks are compromised, misused or attacked, so is life as we know it. This is a concern that all States share, no matter what their stage of development.
ICTs have also added a complex new dimension to interstate relations. Cyberspace constitutes an area with much room for speculation, doubt, and ambiguity. The problem of attribution adds to the complexity, and increases the potential for tensions between States.
The OSCE tackles various cyber threats including cybercrimes and the use of the Internet for terrorist purposes. A key focus is on the development of confidence building measures (CBMs) between participating States to reduce the risks of conflict stemming from the use of ICTs.