For the past 17 years, the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia (ICTY) has been the primary body responsible for trying serious violations of international humanitarian law committed during the armed conflicts in the region of the former Yugoslavia since 1991. It is no longer opening new cases, however, and it is expected to finish its current proceedings by the end of 2014.
Under the War Crimes Justice Project, the OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR), the ICTY and the UN's Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute (UNICRI), with the funding of the European Union, have partnered up to ensure the effective transfer of know-how and materials from the ICTY to the national judicial systems in the countries where the crimes took place.
In the context of promoting respect for human rights within armed forces, Robert-Jan Uhl, a human rights officer at the OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights in Warsaw, discusses how states' approach to the role of women in the military has been changing in recent years.
The OSCE's Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights has been working together with Anne Frank House in the Netherlands to produce teaching materials aimed at combating anti-Semitism. The materials are available in a number of languages and have been adapted to meet the specific needs of more than a dozen countries.
Twenty years ago, representatives of the participating States of what was then the Conference on Security and Co-operation in Europe met in the Danish capital, where, after more than three weeks of negotiations, they reached an agreement on a landmark document that would become the fundamental rulebook for the entire OSCE region in the broad areas of democracy and human rights - the Copenhagen Document.