Following an invitation from the Foreign Ministry of Bosnia and Herzegovina, ODIHR deployed an election observation mission on 25 August to observe the general elections on 1 October.
Headed by Ambassador Lubomir Kopaj of Slovakia, the mission included a core team of 14 international experts and 17 long-term observers, who were deployed in Sarajevo and in eight regional centres. Core-team members and LTOs were drawn from 20 OSCE participating States.
Together with delegations from the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly and the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, the mission 364 short-term observers from 43 OSCE participating States to observe activies on election day.
According to the mission's final report: "The 1 October general elections in BiH were the first elections since the 1995 Dayton Agreement to be fully administered by the BiH authorities. The manner in which these elections were conducted was generally in line with international standards for democratic elections, although further efforts are needed, particularly with regard to the vote count. Therefore, overall, the elections represented further progress in the consolidation of democracy and the rule of law. However, it was regrettable that, due to constitutional ethnicity-based limitations to the right to stand for office, the elections were again in violation of Protocol no. 12 to the European Convention of Human Rights (ECHR) and of the commitments made to the Council of Europe, as well as article 7.3 of the OSCE 1990 Copenhagen Document."