In the field of protecting and promoting human rights, the ODIHR carries out two major functions.
The first is monitoring, and reporting on, compliance by participating States with their human dimension commitments, particularly in the areas of freedom of assembly and association, the right to liberty and to a fair trial, and in the use of the death penalty.
In addition, the Office offers training and education, and responds to specific concerns such as the protection of human rights in the global fight against terrorism.
ODIHR approaches issues from a variety of perspectives, including training, research, reporting, and technical assistance. ODIHR also organizes several major meetings every year that are dedicated to particular human-rights topics.