The OSCE works to prevent conflicts from arising and to facilitate lasting comprehensive political settlements for existing conflicts. It also helps with the process of rehabilitation in post-conflict areas. With its institutions and information network, the OSCE closely monitors tensions that could develop into a conflict within the OSCE area and takes "early action" at the earliest possible stage.
Through regular exchange of military information and confidence-building measures, the OSCE aims to foster transparency and build trust among participating States. With initiatives, workshops and training projects, it tries to dispel deep-rooted mistrust, to renew civil dialogue and to encourage the spirit of co-operation.
The OSCE is active in early warning, conflict negotiation, as well as post-conflict rehabilitation in areas such as the Balkans, the Caucasus and Central Asia. It also co-operates with representatives of the United Nations and other international organizations operating in areas of conflict. The OSCE High Commissioner on National Minorities is an additional conflict prevention tool, helping to prevent ethnic tensions from developing into full blown conflicts.
OSCE Institutions active in conflict prevention: