To combat these trends, the Mission works with local authorities to enhance the implementation of the Bosnia and Herzegovina Law on Gender Equality and the Law on Prohibition of Discrimination (LPD) as well as adherence to UNSCR 1325 on women, peace and security and various other international conventions.
Women’s participation in politics
Women remain severely under-represented at all levels of politics in Bosnia and Herzegovina, with percentages representation failing to meet those set by the Bosnia and Herzegovina Law on Gender Equality. In response, the Mission works with elected female and male officials of the Bosnia and Herzegovina Parliamentary Assembly Committee on Gender Equality, the Bosnia and Herzegovina Agency for Gender Equality and entity Gender Centres. The Mission works with political parties to improve gender equality principles in their policies and programmes. A focus on gender equality during the period of post-election political appointments at all levels also constitutes a priority.
Combating gender-based violence
The Mission promotes, monitors and assesses the prosecution of war crimes involving gender-based violence, including sexual violence and rape. Through its monitoring and reporting, the Mission assesses how these cases are being processed by the criminal justice system, whether the existing legal framework and institutional resources are being used to their greatest effect, and how victims and witnesses are supported throughout the trial process. The Mission also advocates for the rights of victims and witnesses of war crimes, particularly with regard to the establishment of victim and witness support networks, to provide physical protection and emotional support to survivors of wartime crimes.